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Development and validation of SRI implements
The trained local blacksmith is now manufacturing Mandawa Weeder, Sri Vidhi Weeder, markers, sugarcane eye extractor and seed drill. PRAN has helped this blacksmith to obtain legal documents like license, TAN, PAN so that they are able to sell to other agencies promoting SRI method of crop cultivation. This blacksmith is supplying Sri Vidhi Weeder to government of Madhya Pradesh and several organisations. There is a limitation with blacksmith to improve the efficiency of wheat seed drill. Further a firm called Agro Vision with our inputs has successfully demonstrated 5th generation SRI-Wheat seed drill which helped us in scaling up SRI-Wheat in 2014-15. There has been an effort to develop two rows seed drill by Agro-vision. A large number of changes have been made which are expected to make this machine suitable for many crops including SRI-DSR. The Uttar Pradesh State Rural Livelihood Mission also purchased Mandawa weeders from this blacksmith.
Solar cum drip Irrigation Project
solarcumdripThe solar project implemented in village Rajapur is running smoothly. The DC submersible pumps are sophisticated and farmers find that hard to repair locally. With support from Jain Irrigation Systems and Alicia Harley of Harvard University, PRAN implemented community managed solar irrigation project integrated with drip among 7 marginal farmers. The group charges Rs 20 per hour to members using solar water. Earlier the farmers were using diesel pump sets which cost Rs 100 per irrigation in small plot of 200 square metre whereas after installation of solar irrigation integrated with drip the cost for the same area came down to Rs 50 for same piece of land when we irrigate at interval of 7 days. In drip water is required daily even then it is cost effective in case of vegetables. The two SRI-women groups received 30 drip kits from ATMA, Gaya

Mulching integrated bitter gourd crop supported by solar project in Rajapur village at Gaya
In hot summer farmers took SRI-vegetables and practiced mulching using solar irrigation project
In case of plastic mulching/mulching farmers experienced positive learning similar to last year.

  • The frequency of irrigation is reduced by20- 25% and saving of water takes place in hot summer as the mulch trapped moisture from atmosphere which has 30% moisture during summer. Also it reduced the evaporate-transpiration from the soil due to burning sunlight.
  • The fruits are fresh and damage is less as the fruits do not get in touch with the soil.
  • The leaves of cucurbits remained green while in case of non-mulching the leaves wilted after 2-3 days of irrigation. Due to heat generated in soil, this was happening in areas without mulch.
  • The weeds emerged in non-mulching area while it did not appear in mulched area. In non-mulched area farmer had to remove the weeds.

Methane Emission test in SRI-Paddy

  • Methane Emission chambers were stalled in Rajapur village to measure the quantity of methane being emitted from SRI-Paddy and non SRI-Paddy crop. For this, methane collecting chambers were put in SRI-and non SRI Paddy plots. It was confirmed that SRI-Paddy emits less methane than normal paddy plots.
  • EVI, a Delhi based company and PRAN jointly tested the validity of SRI method in less methane emission. The quantity of methane emission was collected from SRI field of Paddy crop and non SRI field of Paddy crop in Gaya. When measured in laboratory it got established that SRI method emits less methane. The international Carbon Standard committee has validated our project on SRI. The verification of SRI on methane reduction is likely to commence from 2015-16.

methane

Figure: Three methane collecting chambers for testing of Methane emission were stalled in SRI and nearby non SRI Paddy plots